Em destaque

Existe lugar para o livro hoje?

O primeiro livro que me lembro de ter ganho foi um Livro da Juventude, uma coleção de histórias, anedotas e outros do Reader’s Digest… …O livro era de 1968, acho que meu avô o deu para mim  lá por volta de 1983, 84. Consigo ainda lembrar claramente passagens dele, como se o tivesse...

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Os pioneiros na impressão de livros

Por bookess | Postado em Novidades | Em 29-10-2010

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Mas o livro mais velho de que se tem conhecimento é uma cópia do Diamond Sutra, impresso em 11 de maio de 868 e encontrado nas grutas de Dunhuang, no Turquistão. Eram discursos do Buda para o seu discípulo Subhuti. Para o fazer, Wang Chieh usou letras entalhadas em blocos de madeira. O alquimista chinês Pi Cheng usou argila cozida para produzir os primeiros tipos móveis por volta de 1040. A vantagem é que, após a impressão, as letras podiam ser separadas e reutilizadas. 

Esse sistema foi aperfeiçoa do por volta de 1300 com o uso de madeira e serviu para a impressão de livros. Em 1438, o alemão Johannes Gensfleisch Gutenberg começou a fazer impressões com tipos de metal, fazendo moldes de cada letra do alfabeto. Uniu os tipos em palavras, frases, parágrafos e páginas. Depois de besuntar as letras com tinta, Gutenberg imprimiu-as em papel branco. Desse modo, ele imprimiu os primeiros livros na Europa. O seu livro mais famoso é a chamada Biblía de Gutenberg, impressa entre 1451 e 1456. Das 48 cópias que sobreviveram, 36 eram de papel e 12, de pergaminho. Em 1448, Gutenberg associou-se a Johann Fust, que financiou a criação da imprensa. A sociedade terminou em 1455. Isso levou Gutenberg à ruína.

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